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Marxism – (Previous Year Questions NET | GATE)

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‘The Medium is the Message’ is a concept given by
(A) Ernest Hemingway
(B) Sylvia Plath
(C) Seymour Hersh
(D) Marshal McLuhan
Ans: (D)

Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses is an essay by
(A) Terry Eagleton
(B) Karl Marx
(C) Raymond Williams
(D) Louis Althusser
Ans: (D)

The term ‘Cultural Materialism’ is associated with
(A) Stephen Greenblatt
(B) Raymond Williams
(C) Matthew Arnold
(D) Richard Hoggart
Ans: (B)

Who among the following is associated with the ideology of Utilitarianism ?
(A) J.A. Froude
(B) Charles Kingsley
(C) J.S. Mill
(D) Cardinal Newman
Ans: (C)

The hermeneutics of suspicion is a term coined by Paul Ricoeur .
a. to designate the postcolonial tendency to see theory and related reading manoeuvres as a global conspiracy.
b. to describe interpretive bids that challenge and seek to overcome compartmentalized cultural experiences.
c. who, following Marx, Nietzsche, and Freud, held that textual appearances are deceptive and texts do not gracefully relinquish their meanings.
d. to describe a mode of interpretation that adopts a distrustful attitude towards texts in order to elicit otherwise inaccessible meanings or implications.
The right combination according to the code is :
(A) (a) and (b)
(B) (a) and (d)
(C) (c) and (d)
(D) (b) and (c)
Ans: (C)

Who among the following Marxist critics has reconsidered the classic problem of ‘base and superstructure” in relation to literature ?
(A) Edmund Wilson
(B) Raymond Williams
(C) Lucien Goldmann
(D) Walter Benjamin
Ans: (B)

Marxist literary criticism stresses that
I. class is an imaginary concept
II. the economy is the final determinant of cultural production
III. texts reveal the economic conditions of the time in which they were written.
IV. the critic should see the work as self-sufficient
The right combination according to the code is
(A) I and II
(B) II and III
(C) II and IV
(D) I and III
Ans: (B)

 Frederic Jameson associated postmodern culture with __________ capitalism.
(A) market
(B) monopoly
(C) imperialist
(D) multinational
Ans: (D)

In which of the following senses did Marx and Engels originally use the term “ideology” in The German Ideology?
(A) Something that mystifies the actual material conditions of society, a sort of false consciousness.
(B) The elaborate structures and institutions that mark the bourgeoise society.
(C) The concepts of base and superstructure that govern the economic relations of the society.
(D) The fundamental class consciousness of the proletariat which leads to their awakening.
Ans: (A)

The terms ‘resonance’ and ‘wonder’ are associated with
(A) Stephen Greenblatt
(B) Terence Hawkes
(C) Terry Eagleton
(D) Ronald Barthes
Ans: (A)

The term homology means a correspondence between two or more structures. Who of the following developed a theory of relations between literary works and social classes in terms of homologies
(A) Raymond Williams
(B) Christopher Caudwell
(C) Lucien Goldmann
(D) Antonio Gramsci
Ans: (A OR C)

“Late capitalism”, by which is meant accelerated technological development and the massive extension of intellectually qualified labour, was first popularised by ______.
(A) Terry Eagleton
(B) Ernst Mandel
(C) Raymond Williams
(D) Stanley Fish
Ans: (B)

Find the odd one among the Marxist critics below:
(A) Georg Lukacs
(B) Louis Althusser
(C) Raymond Williams
(D) Northrop Frye
Ans: (D)

“Culture is ordinary: that is the first fact.” Which one of the following is the source of this statement?
(A) The Country and the City
(B) Resources of Hope
(C) The Long Revolution
(D) Keywords
Ans: (B)

What was Gramsci’s term for cultural consensus supporting capitalism?
(A) Monopoly
(B) Ideology
(C) Discourse
(D) Hegemony
Ans: (D)

What, according to Raymond Williams, is the right description of the term ‘Cultural Materialism’?
(A) The cultural effect that religion has in social life
(B) The political effect that matter has in social lives
(C) The material effect that culture has in wider social life
(D) The effect of social life in cultural situations of uncertainty
Ans: (C)

which two concepts developed by the French sociologist pierre bourdieu, have become increasingly influential in cultural studies?

  1. Dissemination
  2. Gynesis
  3. Cultural capital
  4. Habitus

Choose the correct option:

(A) (a) and (c)

(B) (b) and (c)

(C) (c) and (d)

(D) (b) and (d)

Ans: (C)

Who among the following theorists believes that the proliferation of television images is producing a cultural condition a kin to ‘historical amnesia’?

(A) Jean Baudrillard

(B) Ihab Hassan

(C) Frederic Jameson

(D) Daniel Bell

Ans: (A)

Who among the following coined the dictum, the medium is the message?
(A) Raymond Williams
(B) Erving Goffman
(C) Marshall McLuhan
(D) John Fiske
Ans: (C)

Which two terms from among the following are specifically linked to the work of Pierre Bourdieu?
A. habitus
B. consciousness
C. desire
D. distinction

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
(A) A and C only
(B) A and D only
(C) B and D only
(D) C and D only
Ans: (B)

Cultural Studies

What is the meaning of Ziauddin Sardar’s statement? “Cultural studies started as a dissenting intellectual tradition outside academia, dedicated to exposing power in all its cultural forms. But it has now become a discipline and a part of the academic establishment and its power structure.”
(A) Devolution
(B) Displacement
(C) Instuitionalization
(D) Dissension
Ans: (C)

That humanities and the sciences were in fact “two cultures” was suggested by …………..
(A) Aldous Huxley in his oxford lectures on poetry
(B) W.H. Anden in his oxford lectures on poetry
(C) F.R. Leavis in his book, The Great Tradition
(D) C.P. Snow in his Rede lecture
Ans: (D)

Which cultural analyst has combined the study of different dimensions of youth culture with commentary on developments in cultural theory and politics?

(A) Angela Mc Robbie

(B) Donna Horraway

(C) Linda Hutcheon

(D) Julia Kristeva

Ans: (A)

The key figures in the development of British cultural studies are

  1. Richard Hoggard
  2. Raymond Williams
  3. Stuard Hall
  4. Lawrence Grossberg

The most appropriate option is:

(A) (a) and (b)

(B) (b) and (c)

(C) (a),(b) and (c)

(D) (b),(c) and (d)

Ans: (C)

Given below are two statements:

Statement I: Consumption is an outcome of self-interest and a maximization of personal pleasure.
Statement II: There are strong correlations between social status and such things as housing styles, musical tastes and food preferences.

In light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below:
(a) Both Statement I and Statement II are true
(b) Both Statement I and Statement II are false
(c) Statement I is correct but Statement II is false
(d) Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is true
Ans: (A)

Who among the following is known to have popularized the term ‘glocalization’?
(A) Ronald Robertson
(B) Francis Fukuyama
(C) John Urry
(D) John Tomlinson
Ans: (A)

 Give Below are two statements one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R)

Assertion (A): Cultural Studies is simply the study of culture as a discrete entity divorced from its social and political context.

Reasons (R): Cultural Studies aim to understand Culture in all its complex forms and to analyse the Social and Political context within which it manifests itself.

In the light of the above two statements, choose the correct option:

a) Both (A) and (R) are true and is the correct explanation of (A)

b) Both (A) and (R) true and is not the correct explanation of (A)

c) (A) is true, but (R) is false

d) (A) is false, but (R) is true

Ans: (b)

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