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Literary Movements

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Who among the following was not a member of the Bloomsbury Group ?
(A) Lytton Strachey
(B) Clive Bell
(C) E.M. Forster
(D) Winston Churchill
Ans: (D)

By the end of the nineteen fifties novelists like Stan Barstow, Sid Chaplin, Alan Sillitoe and David Storey were routinely lumped together as representatives of “Kitchen-sink realism”. Who in 1954 wrote the article “The Kitchen Sink”, calling attention to the gritty and direct realism?
(A) Martin Harrison
(B) Stan Smith
(C) David Sylvester
(D) Philip Callow
Ans: (C)

Identify the correctly matched set below:
(A) The Norman Conquest – 1066
William Caxton and the introduction of printing – 1575
The King James Bible – 1611
Dr. Johnson’s English Dictionary – 1755
The Commonwealth Period/ the Protectorate – 1649-1660

(B) The Norman Conquest – 1066
William Caxton and the introduction of printing – 1475
The King James Bible – 1611
Dr. Johnson’s English Dictionary – 1755
The Commonwealth Period/ the Protectorate – 1649-1660

(C) The Norman Conquest – 1016
William Caxton and the introduction of printing- 1475
The King James Bible – 1564
Dr. Johnson’s English Dictionary -1780
The Commonwealth Period/ the Protectorate – 1649-1660

(D) The Norman Conquest – 1013
William Caxton and the introduction of printing – 1575
The King James Bible – 1627
Dr. Johnson’s English Dictionary – 1746
The Commonwealth Period/ the Protectorate – 1624-1660
Ans: (B)

Works like The Earthly Paradise, Dante and His Circle, Goblin Market and Other Poems and the journal, The Germ are associated with ________.
(A) the Pre-Raphaelites
(B) Higher Criticism
(C) the Cavalier Poets
(D) the Pre-Romantics
Ans: (A)

Which one of the following novels by Kingsley Amis represents its protagonist as an ‘angry young man’?

(A) I Like it Here

(B) Lucky Jim

(C) The Biographer’s Moustache

(D) The Great Man

Ans: (B)

Who among the following is one of the University Wits?
(A) Thomas Hooker
(B) Thomas Nashe
(C) Michael Drayton
(D) William Harvey
Ans: (B)

Who among the following was NOT a member of the Scriblerus Club?
(A) Thomas Parnell
(B) Alexander Pope
(C) Joseph Addison
(D) John Gay
Ans: (C)

One of the important texts of Angry Young Man Movement is
(A) Time’s Arrow by Martin Amis
(B) A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce
(C) Lucky Jim by Kingsley Amis
(D) The French Lieutenant’s Woman by John Fowles
Ans: (C)

Who among the following is NOT a ‘University Wit’?
(A) Christopher Marlowe
(B) George Peele
(C) Robert Greene
(D) Ben Jonson
Ans: (D)

Who among the following were associated with the Irish Dramatic Movement ?
(A) Lady Gregory, W.B. Yeats, J.M. Synge
(B) Jonathan Swift, R.B. Sheridan, G.B. Shaw
(C) W.B. Yeats, J.M. Synge, G.B. Shaw
(D) W.B. Yeats, Patrick J. Kavanagh, Seamus Heaney
Ans: (A)

Which of the following sets would you call the poets of the Movement ?
(A) Elizabeth Jennings, Philip Larkin, John Wain
(B) W.H. Auden, Cecil Day Lewis, Stephen Spender
(C) T.S. Eliot, Richard Aldington, Ezra Pound
(D) Alan Brownjohn, C.H. Sisson, Anthony Thwaite
Ans: (A)

In a 1817 review of Coleridge’s Biographia Literaria, Francis Jeffrey coined the term ‘Lake School of Poets’ grouping…
(A) Wordsworth, Coleridge and Crabbe
(B) Wordsworth, Coleridge and Byron
(C) Wordsworth, Coleridge and Hazlitt
(D) Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey
Ans: (D)

60. Identify the group of British poets who evidently draw upon new trends in literary theory (such as poststructuralism) and wrote poems that reflect on themselves and the language used in/by them.
(A) Seamus Heaney, Michael Longley, Derek Mahon
(B) Medbh McGuckian, Denise Riley, Wendy Cope
(C) Christopher Middleton, Roy Fisher, J. H. Prynne
(D) Donald Davie, Charles Tomlinson, Thom Gunn
Ans: (C)

In his 1817 review of Coleridge’s Biographia Literaria, Francis Jeffrey grouped the following poets together as the ‘Lake School of Poets’ :
(A) Keats, Wordsworth and Coleridge
(B) Wordsworth, Byron and Coleridge
(C) Blake, Wordsworth and Coleridge
(D) Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey
Ans: (D)

The term ‘theatre of cruelty’ was coined by
(A) Robert Brustein
(B) Antonin Artaud
(C) Augusto Boal
(D) Luigi Pirandello
Ans: (B)

The religious movement Methodism in 18th century England was founded by
(A) John Tillotson
(B) Bishop Butler
(C) Bernard Mandeville
(D) John Welsey
Ans: (D)

Who among the following writers does not belong to the group, the University Wits ?
(A) John Lyly
(B) Thomas Nashe
(C) George Peele
(D) Thomas Kyd
Ans: (D)

Who among the poets in England during the 1930s had left–leaning tendencies?
(A) T. S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, Richard Aldington
(B) Wilfred Owen, Siegfried Sassoon, Rupert Brooke
(C) W. H. Auden, Louis MacNeice, Cecil Day Lewis
(D) J. Fleckner, W. H. Davies, Edward Marsh
Ans: (C)

The following is the stage-description of an opening scene of a famous modern play : A basement room. Two beds, flat against the back wall. A serving hatch, closed, between the beds. A door to the kitchen and lavatory, left. A door to a passage, right. Identify the play :
(A) The Importance of Being Earnest
(B) Travesties
(C) The Dumb Waiter
(D) Look Back in Anger
Ans: (C)

The Bloomsbury Group included British intellectuals, critics, writers and artists. Who among the following belonged to the Bloomsbury Group?
I. John Maynard Keynes, Lytton Strachey
II. E.M. Forster, Roger Fry, Clive Bell
III. Patrick Brunty, Paul Haworth
IV. Thomas Hardy, Henry James, Walter Pater
(A) I and II
(B) I
(C) II and III
(D) IV
Ans: (A)

The Irish Dramatic Movement was heralded by such figures as
(A) W. B. Yeats, Lady Gregory and Edward Martyn
(B) Jonathan Swift and his contemporaries
(C) H. Drummond, Edward Irving and John Ervine
(D) Oscar Wilde and his contemporaries
Ans: (A)

“Art for Art’s Sake” became a rallying cry for
(A) the Aesthetes
(B) the Symbolists
(C) the Imagists
(D) the Art Noveau School
Ans: (A)

The term ‘the comedy of menace’ is associated with the early plays of
(A) Arnold Wesker
(B) John Arden
(C) Harold Pinter
(D) David Hare
Ans: (C)

Which poet among this group does not belong to the ‘Auden Generation’ group of poets?
(A) Stephen Spender
(B) Alun Lewis
(C) Cecil Day Lewis
(D) Louis Macneice
Ans: (B)

Find the poet who is the odd one in the group:
(A) Wallace Stevens
(B) Robert Lowell
(C) Sylvia Plath
(D) Anne Sexton
Ans: (A)

Which one of the following playwrights will not be covered under the category / term ‘Theatre of the Absurd’?
(A) Jean Genet
(B) Jean Giraudoux
(C) Samuel Beckett
(D) Eugene Ionesco
Ans: (B)

Arrange the following forms in the order in which they appeared. Use the code given below:
I. commedia dell’arte
II. Confessional poetry
III. Agitprop
IV. Picaresque novel
The correct combination is:
(A) IV, I, II, III
(B) I, IV, III, II
(C) II, IV, I, III
(D) I, III, IV, II
Ans: (B)

John Suckling belongs to the group of
(A) Metaphysical poets
(B) Cavalier poets
(C) Neo-classical poets
(D) Religious poets
Ans: (B)

Two of the following list are “Angry Young Men” of the 1950’s British literary scene.
I. John Osborne
II. C.P. Snow
III. Anthony Powell
IV. Kingsley Amis
The right combination, accordingto the code
(A) I & II
(B) II & IV
(C) I & IV
(D) I & III
Ans: (C)

Dylan Thomas is associated with the group _______.
(A) The New Apocalypse
(B) The Black Arts
(C) The Movement
(D) Deep Image Poetry
Ans: (A)

Surrealism is associated with
(A) Ernst Cassirer
(B) Tristan Tzara
(C) Henrik Ibsen
(D) Andre Breton
Ans: (D)

Which of the following is not true of Imagist poetry ?
(A) The poet spreads his language across the page as though language were sensation, to reproduce the mental effect of ‘image’.
(B) The image is itself an instrument of vision, or lens, as well as an expression of imagination
(C) The imagist like a scientist learns from history and uses it, and like a scientist does not deal in emotions.
(D) The new artist as scientist focuses vision through image as against the symbol which resorts to reduction to simplicity.
Ans: (C)

Who among the following is not a surrealist poet?
(A) Hugh Sykes Dykes
(B) David Gascoyne
(C) Kenneth Allot
(D) C. Day Lewis
Ans: (D)

Identify the group below which is known as the “Sons of Ben”.
(A) Noel Coward, E.G. Craig, William Macready, Matheson, Lang
(B) John Dryden, the Earl of Rochester, Samuel Butler
(C) William Cartwright, Richard Corbett, Thomas Randolph
(D) William Holman hunt, John E. Millais, D.G. Rossetti, William Morris
Ans: (C)

Which of the following is NOT a school associated with Romantic period in English literature?
(A) The Cockney School
(B) The Fireside School
(C) The Lake School
(D) The Satanic School
Ans: (B)

Which group of the following poets was called the Auden Group because they developed a style and viewpoint similar to that of W. H. Auden?
(A) Louis MacNeice, C. D. L.ewis, Stephen Spender
(B) John Masefield, Edwin Muir, Norman McCaig
(C) MacDiarmid, G. M. Hopkins, Edwin Muir
(D) W. IT. Davies, Robert Bridges, John Masefield
Ans: (A)

Identify the term among the following which does not relate to a movement in art or literature.
(A) Cubism
(B) Empiricism
(C) Expressionism
(D) Surrealism
Ans: (B)

One of the following collections initiated confessional poetry in America, a new mode in which the poet bared his/her most tormenting personal problems with great honesty and intensity.
(A) Live or Die
(B) Words for the Wind
(C) Life Studies
(D) Ariel
Answer: (C)

Which of the following is another term to describe “art for art’s sake”?
(A) Aestheticism
(B) Didacticism
(C) Realism
(D) Neo-realism
Ans: (A)

Who of the following is a Cavalier poet?
(A) George Herbert
(B) John Donne
(C) Robert Herrick
(D) Andrew Marvell
Ans: (C)

Who among the following is not an imagist?
(A) Ezra Pound
(B) W.B. Yeats
(C) Amy Lowell
(D) T.E. Hulme
Ans: (B)

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The term, “poetic justice,” to designate the idea that the good are rewarded and the evil punished, was devised by
(A) Aristotle
(B) John Dryden
(C) Thomas Rhymer
(D) Ben Jonson
Ans: (C)

Dante Gabriel Rossetti founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood which included
I. Holman Hunt
II. Arthur Hugh Clough
III. Gerald Manley Hopkins
IV. John Millais
The right combination according to the code is
(A) II and III
(B) I and IV
(C) I and III
(D) II and IV
Ans: (B)

Who among the following writers was not the one Identified with The Movement of the 1950’s England ?
(A) Roy Fuller
(B) Kingsley Amis
(C) Philip Larkin
(D) Donald Davie
Ans (A)

The term ‘Digger’ is associated with a group of agrarian communists who flourished in England in 1649-50 and were led by
(A) Laurence Clarkson
(B) Gerrard Winstanley
(C) George Fox
(D) John Lilburne
Ans: (B)

This poet was of the Auden generation and was only briefly a member of the Communist party. In his poem, ”The Pylons”, he averred that the Pylons are “Bare like nude giant girls that have no secrets”. This prompted the label, Pylon poets, for the new generation of poets who were happy to use the gas works or pistons of a steam-engine as poetic imagery. ( Name this poet.)
(A) Cecil Day Lewis
(B) Christopher Isherwood
(C) Stephen Spender
(D) Louis MacNeice
Ans: (C)

Identify the Fireside poets of the US.
(A) William Cullen Bryant, H.W. Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes
(B) T.S. Eliot, Wallace Stevens, William Carlos Williams
(C) Marianne Moore, Elizabeth Bishop, Anne Seaton
(D) Amy Lowell, Emily Dickinson, Phillis Wheatley
Ans: (A)

Which of the following themes was not common to the works of Cavelier poets such as Thomas Carew, Sir John Denham, Edmund Waller, Sir John Suckling, James Shirley, Richard Lovelace, and Robert Herrick ?
(A) Loyalty to the king
(B) Country ideals of the good life
(C) Pious devotion to religious virtues
(D) Carpe diem
Ans: (C)

Who among the following are referred to as the “Scottish Chaucerians” ?
(a) Thomas Hoccleve
(b) Robert Henryson
(c) John Lydgate
(d) William Dunbar

The right combination according to the code is :
(A) (a) and (b)
(B) (c) and (d)
(C) (b) and (c)
(D) (b) and (d)
Ans: (D)

The fault of Cowley and perhaps of all the writers of the metaphysical race is that of pursuing his thoughts to their ramifications, by which he loses the grandeur of generality; for of the greatest things the parts are little ; what is little can be but pretty, and by claiming dignity becomes ridiculous. Thus all the power of description is destroyed by a scrupulous enumeration; and the force of metaphors is lost, when the mind by the mention of particulars is turned more upon the original than the secondary sense, more upon that from which the illustration is drawn than that to which it is applied.
What Dr. Johnson actually faults here is:
(A) The metaphysical insistence on the particular than the general.
(B) The force of metaphors that blunts description
(C) The mind that goes astray toward the original
(D) The metaphysical poets’ tendency to saunter away.
Ans: (D)

Arnold Wesker is associated with “kitchen-sink drama”, a rather condescending title applied to the then new-wave realistic drama depicting the family lives of working-class characters on stage and in broadcast plays. Two of the following plays begin with one character doing the dishes in a kitchen sink. Identify the pair.
(a) the Kitchen
(b) chicken soup with barley
(c) roots
(d) menace
The right combination according to the code is:
(A) (b) and (d)
(B) (a) and (d)
(C) (a) and (b)
(D) (b) and (c)
Ans: (D)

Read the following lines :
The apparition of these faces in the crowd :
Petals on a wet, black bough.
Which of the following poetic programmes is illustrated by the above lines?
(A) The Movement
(B) Naturalism
(C) Symbolism
(D) Imagism
Ans: (D)

Which among the following group of writers is labelled as “University Wits”?

(A) Thomas Lodge, Thomas Wilson, Walter Raleigh

(B) John Fletcher, Ben Jonson, George Peele

(C) Thomas kyd, Francis Beaumont, John Lyly

(D) Christopher Marlowe, Robert Greene, Thomas Nashe

Ans: (D)

Which three of the following writers are associated with ‘kitchen sink drama’?

  1. Arnold Wesker
  2. John Arden
  3. Shelagh Delaney
  4. John Osborne

Choose the most appropriate option:

(A) (a), (b) and (d)

(B) (a), (b) and (c)

(C) (b), (c) and (d)

(D) (a), (c) and (d)

Ans: (D)

Which of the following movements was Arthur Symons was referring to as ‘an interesting disease’ and ‘an over subtilizing refinement upon refinement’?

(A) Celtic Revival

(B) Romantic Movement

(C) Decadence

(D) Feminism

Ans: (C)

Which two of the following dramatists are associated with the Epic Theatre?
A. Fernando Arrabal
B. Bertolt Brecht
C. Arnolt Bronnen
D. James Saunders

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
(a) A and B only
(b) B and C only
(c) A and D only
(d) B and D only
Ans: (b)

Which one among the following is a set of the Metaphysical Poets?
(A) John Dryden, George Herbert, and Alexander Pope
(B) Henry Vaughan, John Dryden, and John Donne
(C) John Donne, Henry Vaughan, and Andrew Marvell
(D) Samuel Johnson, T.S. Eliot and Herbert Grierson
Ans: (C)

Who among the following is a Cavalier poet ?
(A) Henry Vaughan
(B) Richard Crashaw
(C) John Suckling
(D) Anne Finch
Ans: (C)

Trying to capture the upbeat mood of 1964-65, the poet Thom Gunn said: “They stood for a great optimism, barriers seemed to be coming down all over, it was as if World War II had finally drawn to close, there was an openness and high-spiritedness and relaxation of mood”. Who were “they” ?
(A) The Beatles
(B) The Rolling Stones
(C) The New Left
(D) The Arts Council folks
Ans: (A)

Who of the following is not a university wit ?
(B) Robert Greene
(C) Kyd
(D) Marlowe
Ans: (A)

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